History K-6

This page is to help teachers incorporate Catholic Values into History. This page is NOT a programming tool for History, but a resource to help teachers in their thinking, to implement Catholic values into the teaching of History.

Learn more about the core Catholic Values


"The Redeemer of Man, Jesus Christ, is the centre of the universe and of history" 
John Paul II (Redemptor Hominis, Encyclical Letter on the Redeemer of Man)

 

  • Content-Catholic perspective
    • Family Life
      Curriculum Reference
      Early Stage One: Personal and Family Histories
      Stage One: Present and Past Family Life

      Positive View of Life/Community and Common Good)

      Families are a gift from God, where the love in the family should try resemble the love of God. Families are the basic cell of human society, where each person in the family learn to care and take responsibility of the young, the old, the sick, the handicapped, and the poor (CCC 2207).

      All children are God's children and are a gift from God, who loves them all. God has given to children, parents who love and care for each child. No matter, what our family situation is, everyone is part of God's human family. Jesus teaches us that we can all call God, 'Our Father' (Mt 6:9).

      All sons and daughters should show love, gratitude and respect to their parents, for their life, well being, security and faith (YouCat # 367)

      God has blessed the human race and wants the human family to grow, as God communicated to Adam and Eve, the first married couple, 'Be fruitful and multiply' (Gen 1:28). 

      Family heritages, stories and traditions are a wonderful way to learn how God has cared for and blessed families over the years. Historical inquiry of ones family is a beautiful way to learn more about ones own self and the origin of many family traditions which might still be celebrated and lived out today. Students can also learn how God has blessed their family line and learn about different countries of origins, always remembering that all humans, are part of God's family and loved unconditionally.

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video highlights the importance of families in society and how this is a gift from God for all of us.
    • History of significant religious people and sites
      Curriculum Reference
      Stage One: The Past in the Present)

      Positive View of Life/Community and Common Good)

      Christians make up the Body of Christ, and the head is Christ himself. The Church (people of God) increase, grow and develop through the holiness of the faithful (CCC 2045). Saint Mary Mackillop, Australia's first Canonised saint, is an excellent example of a faithful Christian who brought Christ to the material and spiritually poor, needy and destitute in Australia. She has had an enormous influence on Catholic education in the history of Australia.

      Description: This short video shows the life of Saint Mary Mackillop and her legacy she left in Australia.
       

      Weblink: Saint Mary Mackillop Resource site

      There are many significant Catholics in Australia that have worked hard in the past and had an enormous impact in the community then, but still leave a legacy which is evident today. Catholic educational institutions are present, due to the hard work of many pioneering Catholic leaders in the years gone by.

      Weblink: Prominent Australian Catholics webpage 

      There are many historical sites in Australia, many of them having spiritual significance. Local catholic parishes play an important role in the life of the universal Catholic Church.  A parish is a definite community of the Christian faithful. The parish is the place where all the faithful can be gathered together for the Sunday celebration of the Eucharist (CCC 2179). Each catholic parish has a wonderful history in itself. The Catholic Church in Australia is built on the hard work of many catholics in Australia, over the years. Many Catholic churches in the local community have a wonderful history and still today, are places of great significance where the faithful can gather and encounter Jesus Christ through the celebration of the Holy Eucharist.

      Weblink: History of Catholic parishes in the Diocese of Parramatta
    • Importance of Country and Place to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
      Curriculum Reference
      Stage Two: Community and Remembrance/First Contacts

      Community and Common Good/God's Presence in the Whole World)

      The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have lived on this land, called Australia, for thousands of years. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have a very deep connection to Country and Place. The spiritual connection to the land was one very important point that Pope John Paul II raised in his homily to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when he visited Alice Springs in 1986; 

      "For thousands of years this culture of yours was free to grow without interference by people from other places. You lived your lives in spiritual closeness to the land, with its animals, birds, fishes, waterholes, rivers, hills and mountains. Through your closeness to the land you touched the sacredness of man’s relationship with God, for the land was the proof of a power in life greater than yourselves."
      (Address of Pope John Paul II to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Alice Springs, 1986)

      In the study of History, it is important for students to learn the importance of Country and Place for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. This connection to Country and Place is very important for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander spirituality. This ancient spirituality is a 'quest for God' and is expressed in their religious beliefs and rituals (CCC 28).   

      Description: This short video describes the spiritual importance of Land and Country to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
    • Rights and Freedoms of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples in Australia
      Curriculum Reference
      Stage Two: Community and Remembrance/First Contacts
      Stage Three: The Australian Colonies/Australia as a Nation

      Positive View of Life/Community and Common Good/Freedom from Oppression/Reconciliation

      The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have faced many challenges and battles over the years, starting with the early British colonisation in Australia. The social conditions which the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia have lived under, have made life difficult for them. The Catholic Church teaches that there are three essential elements for any community to grow and thrive. These social conditions are called the 'common good'.

      1.  Respect for the person (CCC 1907)
      Public authorities are bound to respect the rights of each person. Society should permit each person to fulfil their vocation.

      2. Social well-being and development of the group (CCC 1908)
      Every human community should have access to what is needed to live a truly human life: food, clothing, health, work, education and culture, suitable information, right to establish a family.

      3. Peace (CCC 1909)
      Public authorities should ensure by morally acceptable means, the security of society and its members.

      Many Australians have come to realise the injustices towards Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.  Some individuals and groups from Australia have fought for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rights and freedoms, with campaigns focusing on: the Stolen Generation, the right to vote federally in 1962, the 1967 Referendum and the Mabo decision. Christians are called to help people 'obtain what is their due, according to their nature and vocation' (CCC 1928). 

      Australia more recently commemorates days such as National Reconciliation Week and National Sorry day, which aims to bridge the relationship with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Jesus Christ gifts us the Sacrament of Reconciliation which allows our sins to be forgiven by God. Many of our faults however, do harm others and one must do 'what is possible in order to repair that harm' (CCC 1459). 

      The study of Australian history, allows students to appreciate the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspective of life in Australia from the First Fleet arrival till today. It is the Christian calling to also have an empathetic understanding of the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. 

      Description: This short video discusses the impact of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people from the British colonisation
    • Celebrations and Community
      Curriculum Reference
      Early Stage One: Personal and Family Histories
      Stage One: Present and Past Family Life
      Stage Two: Community and Remembrance

      Community and Common Good/God's Presence in the Whole World)

      Australia is made up of people from many different cultures and diverse backgrounds. In the study of History, students will learn how this multicultural nation came to be. God has created people with diversity but the truth is, all people are part of God's family and therefore everyone should be respected. 
      "Every form of social or cultural discrimination on the grounds of; sex, race, colour, social conditions, language or religion must be eradicated" (CCC 1935). Pope Francis emphasised the importance of respecting each other's religious beliefs, when he addressed participants at the plenary assembly of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue in 2013;

      “true openness involves remaining steadfast in one’s deepest convictions, clear and joyful in one’s own identity and therefore open to understanding the religions of another, capable of respectful human relationships, convinced that the encounter with someone different than ourselves can be an occasion of growth in a spirit of fraternity, of enrichment and of witness" 

      (Address of Pope Francis to the Plenary Assembly of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, 2013)

      It is important for students to recognise and understand the historical and religious significance of Catholic feast and holy days, such as Easter, Christmas, Assumption of Mary and Saint Mary Mackillop feast day. In multi faith Australia it is also important for everyone to respect other faiths and their religious celebrations such as Diwali, Hanukkah, Ramadan and Chinese New Year.

      Description: This video discusses the historical importance of Celebrations and Community in Australian Society
    • Migration
      Curriculum Reference
      Stage Three: The Australian Colonies
      Stage Three: Australia as a Nation

      Positive view of Life/ Community and Common Good/Freedome from Oppression/ Hope 
      and Resurrection)

      The Catholic Church has always promoted the vulnerable to be protected and looked after and this is the focus of Catholic Social Teaching. Many people from all over the world have migrated to Australia over the years due to the suffering and pain of war and famine in their countries of origin. Australia has been a blessing for many people as it has given them an opportunity to rebuild their lives and give hope to many people. 

      Pope Francis challenged everyone to put themselves in the shoes of refugees and migrants and spoke of the inherent dignity of every person, in his 2016 message for the World Day of Migrant and Refugees;

      "Migrants are our brothers and sisters in search of a better life, far away from poverty, hunger, exploitation and the unjust distribution of the planet’s resources which are meant to be equitably shared by all. Don’t we all want a better, more decent and prosperous life to share with our loved ones?"

      "Welcoming others means welcoming God in person! Do not let yourselves be robbed of the hope and joy of life born of your experience of God’s mercy, as manifested in the people you meet on your journey! I entrust you to the Virgin Mary, Mother of migrants and refugees, and to Saint Joseph, who experienced the bitterness of emigration to Egypt"

      (Message of Pope Francis for the World Day of Migrants and Refugees, 2016)

      History allows students to reflect on the dignity of every person and to learn some of the stories of people who migrated to Australia. Many migrants in Australia's history have used their God given talents to make significant contributions to this country and have helped shape Australian society. 

      Description: This video is from the Australian Catholic Bishops 2015/16 Social Justice Statement: For Those Who've Come Across the Seas
  • Cross Curriculum Priorities-Catholic perspective
    • Aboriginal and Torrest Strait Islander Histories and Cultures

      The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have lived on this land, called Australia, for thousands of years. The Catholic Church teaches that all people demand respect because all humans are created in the image and likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-27). All people, no matter what religion, are bonded because they are all from the one human race. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, have a rich culture but unfortunately, one which was adversely affected by early European settlers in Australia. Pope St. John Paul II raised this important point in his homily to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when he visited Alice Springs in 1986;

      "The culture which this long and careful growth produced was not prepared for the sudden meeting with another people, with different customs and traditions, who came to your country nearly 200 years ago. They were different from Aboriginal people. Their traditions, the organization of their lives, and their attitudes to the land were quite strange to you. Their law too was quite different. These people had knowledge, money and power; and they brought with them some patterns of behaviour from which the Aboriginal people were unable to protect themselves.

      The effects of some of those forces are still active among you today. Many of you have been dispossessed of your traditional lands, and separated from your tribal ways, though some of you still have your traditional culture. Some of you are establishing Aboriginal communities in the towns and cities. For others there is still no real place for camp-fires and kinship observances except on the fringes of country towns. There, work is hard to find, and education in a different cultural background is difficult".
      Address of Pope John Paul II to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Alice Springs, 1986

      It is important for people to understand the richness of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture prior to British colonisation and the subsequent challenges that this culture has had to overcome due to European settlement in Australia. Historically, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have had a major impact in Australian society as well as the global context.

    • Asia and Australia's Engagement with Asia

      The Asian region has a rich culture with many of its unique values embedded in Asian society. Pope John Paul II recognised this richness of culture and pride in its strong values and way of life. He writes in his Apostolic Exhortation "Ecclesia in Asia" in 1999:

      "The people of Asia take pride in their religious and cultural values, such as love of silence and contemplation, simplicity, harmony, detachment, non-violence, the spirit of hard work, discipline, frugal living, the thirst for learning and philosophical enquiry.10 They hold dear the values of respect for life, compassion for all beings, closeness to nature, filial piety towards parents, elders and ancestors, and a highly developed sense of community.11 In particular, they hold the family to be a vital source of strength, a closely knit community with a powerful sense of solidarity.12 Asian peoples are known for their spirit of religious tolerance and peaceful co-existence. Without denying the existence of bitter tensions and violent conflicts, it can still be said that Asia has often demonstrated a remarkable capacity for accommodation and a natural openness to the mutual enrichment of peoples in the midst of a plurality of religions and cultures."
      (Pope John Paul II, Ecclesia in Asia, Apostolic Exhortation on Jesus Christ the Saviour and his mission of love and service in Asia, 1999)

      Throughout history, individuals from the community of Asia, have used God's gift of human intellect, to make many positive contributions to the local Asian region as well as Australia and many countries around the world, in many different fields.


      "All citizens and all governments are obliged to work for the avoidance of war" (CCC 2308) but because of humanity's fallen nature, wars have occurred and the Asian region have been impacted many times throughout history, which has forced many people to seek refuge in countries like Australia.

      Because of its common origin the human race forms a unity for "from one ancestor (God) made all nations to inhabit the whole earth" (CCC 360). Australia and many of the Asian countries have shared a common unity throughout history and formed many positive relationships, which have impacted both regions.

    • Sustainability
      • Stage 5: Depth Study 5b-The Environment Movement

      God’s presence in the world (Principle of Stewardship)


      In the beginning God entrusted the earth and its resources to the common stewardship of mankind to take care of them, master them by labour, and enjoy their fruits. The goods of creation are destined for the whole human race (CCC 2402).

      The dominion granted by the Creator over the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be separated from respect for moral obligations, including those toward generations to come (CCC 2456).

      The Catholic Church encourages an awareness of environmental issues, as the physical environment is part of God's gift of creation. Humanity is the pinnacle of creation and it is only humans that are created in the image and likeness of God,  but humans do have a responsibility to look after creation. God does command humanity to be good 'stewards' and ensure that all of mankind have access to these valuable resources.

      The study of History, allows sustainability to be investigated from a historical perspective, which includes how different cultures and eras have impacted the environment both positively and negatively.

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video focuses on Pope Francis' encyclical 'Laudato Si' and its connection to Australia

       

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video emphasises humanities obligation to be good stewards of all Earthly resources, as these are a gift from God to humanity.

  • General Capabilities-Catholic perspective
    • Critical and Creative Thinking

      Humans are created in God's image and likeness (Gen 1:26-27). God has gifted humans the ability to attain knowledge and ultimately to serve and love God and to offer all creation back to him (CCC 356, 358). Through the gift of human intellect, all human beings have the ability to be critical and creative in their thinking. Critical thinking allows actions by peoples and governments throughout history to be objectively judged according to the "voice of God which urges humans to do what is good and avoid what is evil. Everyone is is obliged to follow this law, which makes itself heard in conscience and is fulfilled in the love of God and of neighbour"  (CCC 1706). Creative thinking not only allows for people to construct historical explanations when limited sources are available, but also to formulate correct actions to difficult situations, which uphold the moral law in all circumstances and learn from humanities terrible mistakes throughout history.

    • Ethical Understanding

      Moral Decision Making
      Human acts can be morally evaluated as good or bad. A good human act must satisfy three conditions.

      1. The Act itself (CCC 1755)
      A bad act can never be morally good, no matter how good the intention is. Some acts are wrong no matter what, such as murder, stealing, lying and cheating.

      2. The Person’s intention (CCC 1752, 1753)
      The intention for the act is important. A good act, can be considered bad, if the intention is not good.

      3. The Circumstances (CCC 1754)
      The circumstances, which includes the consequences of the act, can make an act better or worse. However, the circumstances cannot change an act from good to bad or bad to good. 

      God has given humans the moral law. Humans have the ability through reason to understand and discern. The moral law is for the good of human beings and its origins come from God (CCC 1950-1951). Throughout history there have been many instances that the dignity of human person has not been upheld, such as treatment of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, slavery, child labour, world wars, invasion of countries, treatment of women and many other unfortunate examples.

      It is crucial to look for guidance to the Catholic Church, as God's truth is preserved through the gift of infallibility given to the Magisterium (teaching office) of the Catholic Church. In all situations, there must be unconditional respect for the moral law (CCC 2294).

    • Information and Communication Technology Capability

      Information and communication technology (ICT) is a very valuable tool for students to conduct historical investigations. ICT offers many benefits and Pope Benedict XVI reiterates this important point in his message for the 43rd World Communication day.


      "These technologies are truly a gift to humanity and we must endeavour to ensure that the benefits they offer are put at the service of all human individuals and communities, especially those who are most disadvantaged and vulnerable"
      (Message of Pope Benedict XVI for the 43rd World Communication day, "New Technologies, New Relationships", 2009)

      Pope Benedict also makes the point in his message for the 43rd World Communication day, that the dignity of the human person has to be upheld in all endeavours.

      ICT can assist in the research and analysis of historical information. It is crucial that ICT is used not as a tool to divide and separate the human family but technological applications such as wikis, blogs, spreadsheets and online forums draw everyone together and highlight past and current social evils, and plan for new ways to grow in love for God and neighbour.

    • Intercultural Understanding

      All humans form a unity with each other, as they originate from the one God (CCC 360). All people are created unique, which makes cultures very diverse.

      Pope Benedict XVI in his address at the meeting with the World of Culture in 2010, stresses the importance and beauty of valuing the cultures around the world. He states;


      “Given the reality of cultural diversity, people need not only to accept the existence of the culture of others, but also to aspire to be enriched by it and to offer to it whatever they possess that is good, true and beautiful”
      (Pope Benedict XVI Address at the Meeting with the World of Culture, Bélem, Lisbon, 12 May 2010)

      The study of History allows students to appreciate the many contributions of different cultures throughout history. Many cultures have rich traditions steeped in history, which value the dignity of the human person. Such traditions should be celebrated, as they point to the infinite loving God.

    • Literacy

      Literacy is a very important skill, as reading, communication and comprehension of texts is essential for humans, to function successfully in society. Pope Paul VI emphasises the importance of literacy, in his encyclical letter on the development of peoples "Populorum Progressio", stating;

      "literacy is the first and most basic tool for personal enrichment and social integration; and it is society's most valuable tool for furthering development and economic progress."
      (Pope Paul VI, Populorum Progressio, Encyclical Letter on the Development of Peoples, 1967).

      Literacy skills for students are essential,  to allow for the proper use and understanding of historical language and texts. Literacy in the historical domain, allows historical information and perspectives to be communicated effectively, which makes good use of God's gift of human intellect, especially when it is ordered towards the good of humanity.

    • Numeracy

      Numeracy is the ability to apply mathematics in the world. Being numerate in the field of History allows quantitative historical data to be analysed which aids the understanding of the past.

      The Vatican's Congregation for Catholic Education 1998 document "The Religious Dimension of Education in a Catholic School" points out that students should not only be exposed to the negative history of humanity but also explore the positive contribution that many people have made throughout history:

      "the teacher should help students to see history as a whole. Looking at the grand picture, they will see the development of civilisations, and learn about progress in such things as economic development, human freedom, and international cooperation. Realising this can help to offset the disgust that comes from learning about the darker side of human history."
      (Congregation for Catholic Education, The Religious Dimension of Education in a Catholic School, 7 April 1988)

      Use of time lines, graphs and tables, maps, scales and statistics are ways that historical investigations can be conducted and the positive and negative events of human history can be explored.

    • Personal and Social Capability

      History presents many occasions where the sins of individuals or groups of people have dehumanised many people and not respected the dignity they deserve, being made in the image and likeness of God. The followers of Christ are called to empathise with people past and present who have suffered affliction such as indigenous groups, refugees, people forced into slavery and victims of wars.

      "The joy and hope, the grief and anguish of the men of our time, especially of those who are poor or afflicted in any way, are the joy and hope, the grief and anguish of the followers of Christ as well" (YouCat #438).

      All of humanity are called to God and the call of love of neighbour is inseparable from love for God (CCC 1878). All interactions with people, have to be grounded in 'love of neighbour' which would foster positive relationships and benefit society.

      Reflecting on past errors of the human race, people should build a determination to avoid such tragedies and live a life focused on God and loving neighbour.

  • Other Areas-Catholic perspective
    • Civics and Citizenship

      All human persons need to live in society as this is a requirement, inherent in the nature of human beings. Through dialogue, interactions and service of others, humans develop their potential (CCC 1879). God has gifted talents to each person and each person should contribute to society, as they owe loyalty to the community they are part of and respect those in authority who are in charge of the common good (CCC 1880).

      For a society to flourish, those responsible to govern must always look to the common good of all. Pope Leo XIII stresses the moral responsibility of governments in his encyclical Immortale Dei (Christian Constitution of States) (1885). He states;

      "Government should, moreover, be administered for the well-being of the citizens, because they who govern others possess authority solely for the welfare of the State. Furthermore, the civil power must not be subservient to the advantage of any one individual or of some few persons, inasmuch as it was established for the common good of all"
      (Pope Leo XIII, Immortale Dei, Encyclical Letter on the Christian Constitution of States, 1885)

      Australian citizens should have an understanding of the history and development of democracy in Australia. History allows an exploration of how different societies have organised themselves over time and how different groups of people have struggled for rights and responsibilities. In all societal work, the dignity of human persons must be upheld.

    • Difference and Diversity

      God has made each person unique and the differences and diversity of peoples have to be respected.

      All humans are equal in God's sight insofar as all have the same Creator, all were made in the same image of God with a rational soul, and all have the same Redeemer. Every person possesses the same dignity and are entitled to the same human rights. Hence every kind of social, racist, sexist, cultural, or religious discrimination against a person is unacceptable (YouCat #330).

      Over the course of history, people around the world have lived according to their local customs and traditions, such as: the ancient Greeks and Romans, Vikings, Ottomans, Polynesian societies and cultural groups in Australia. History can aid to highlight the negative and positive contributions that different groups have made to society.

      In all human actions, the human dignity of persons must be respected and the moral law must be upheld.

    • Work and Enterprise

      Humans are created in the image of God and are called to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth and hence work is a duty not an option (CCC 2427). Work does honour the gifts and talents freely given by God and also does allow for providing financially for each family as well as serving the human community (CCC 2427, 2428).

      History allows the struggles for rights and freedoms in the workplace to be studied from the the early years of the Industrial Revolution, the slave trade and convict life in Australia.

      Teacher Formation Video
      Description: This video focuses on the dignity of work. Pope Francis emphasises the importance of creating opportunities for people to work and always put the dignity of human persons before economic value.

History K-6

  • This page is to help teachers incorporate Catholic Values into History. This page is NOT a programming tool for History, but a resource to help teachers in their thinking, to implement Catholic values into the teaching of History.

    Learn more about the core Catholic Values


    "The Redeemer of Man, Jesus Christ, is the centre of the universe and of history" 
    John Paul II (Redemptor Hominis, Encyclical Letter on the Redeemer of Man)

     

  • View History K-6
 
   
  
 

Contact

Talk with Teaching Educator (Evangelisation and Religious Education) Daryl Castellino today to learn more about how Catholic Values can be integrated across the curriculum on 0407 406 668 or by using the email form below.

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Contact

  • Talk with Teaching Educator (Evangelisation and Religious Education) Daryl Castellino today to learn more about how Catholic Values can be integrated across the curriculum on 0407 406 668 or by using the email form below.

  •  Send us an email
 
   
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