Science and Technology K-6

This page is to help teachers incorporate Catholic Values into Science and Technology. This page is NOT a programming tool for Science and Technology, but a resource to help teachers in their thinking, to implement Catholic values into the teaching of Science and Technology.

Learn more about the core Catholic Values

Faith and Reason

"Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth; and God has placed in the human heart a desire to know the truth—in a word, to know himself—so that, by knowing and loving God, men and women may also come to the fullness of truth about themselves"
John Paul II (Fides Et Ratio, Encyclical Letter on the Relationship Between Faith and Reason, 1998)

 

Science and Religion are not enemies. They compliment each other, as they both search for truth. Science and Religion ask different questions appropriate to each field, but together strive towards truth and ultimately to God, who is the source of all truth.

Teacher Formation Video
Description: This video focuses on the complementarity of faith and science, which both point to an infinite God.

Ways of coming to know of God's existence

The person who seeks God discovers certain ways of coming to know him. These ways are not scientific proofs but 'converging and convincing' arguments for the existence of God, using human reason (CCC 31).
Creation points to God in two ways:
1. The physical world:The world's order and beauty, can point to God, as the origin and the end of the universe (CCC 32) 
2. The human person: Signs of the spiritual soul- It is only the human person who is open to truth and beauty, has freedom and the voice of conscience, sense of moral goodness and longing for the infinite and happiness (CCC 33).

The Catholic Church teaches, that through faith, people can know for certain the truths which are in grasp of human reason as well as truths which are beyond human reason, because God has revealed these truths in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition (CCC 38, 97).

Teacher Formation Video
Description: This video explains how by human reason, creation can point to God

Teacher Formation Video
Description: This video explains how one's faith and human reason can lead them to God, in the world
  • Content Strands-Catholic perspective and sample of Science and Technology teaching activity incorporating Catholic Values
    • Working Scientifically

      The Working Scientifically strand is about students using scientific inquiry to develop their knowledge and understanding of the world they live in. Students should have a sense of awe and wonder of the world, which ultimately points to a loving God, who created it.


      "The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from relationships which exist amoung them. People discover them progressively as the laws of nature. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of a Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of people's intellect and will" (CCC 341)

      Scientific investigations are integral to the Working Scientifically strand. All investigations "require unconditional respect for fundamental moral criteria. They must be at the service of the human person" (CCC 2294). Researching, processing and communicating data from scientific investigations, must be conducted in an ethical way, respecting the human person and their intellectual property.

    • Working Technologically

      Problem solving for the needs and wants in today's world is foundational to the Working Technologically strand. Generating ideas and designing and evaluating solutions for humanities' needs, is an important calling, which upholds the dignity of human persons. God has gifted each person particular talents, which include intellectual aptitude and creativity and "those endowed with particular talents share the benefits with those who need them" (CCC 1937).

    • Physical World

      Students explore the nature and interconnectedness of forces, motion, matter and energy in the world, throughout the Physical World strand.


      "In creation God laid a foundation and established laws that remain firm, on which the believer can rely with confidence, for they are the sign and pledge of the unshakeable faithfulness of God's covenant. For this part humanity must remain faithful to this foundation and respect the laws which the Creator has written into it" (CCC 346)

      Motion, matter, forces and energy are all gifts, from the infinite wisdom of God, which gives order and harmony to the universe. One should reflect how the glory of God, is present in the physical world and its inscribed laws.

       

      Classroom activity example: Stage One

      • Students discuss the sounds produced from musical instruments from different cultures
        (Community) 

      ​Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video shows different musical instruments from all around the world

    • Earth and Space

      Key Area: Origins of the Universe

      Related Outcomes: Early Stage 1 STe-7NE, Stage 1 ST1-8ES, Stage 2 ST1-9ES, Stage 3 ST3-8ES

      God’s presence in the world (God created an ordered and good world for humanity)

      God himself created the visible world in all its richness, diversity and order. Scripture presents the work of the Creator symbolically as a succession of six days of divine "work", concluded by the "rest" of the seventh day (CCC 337).

      God creates an ordered and good world. Because God creates through wisdom, his creation is ordered:
      "You have arranged all things by measure and number and weight"(Wis 11:20, CCC 299).

      God creates freely out of nothing (CCC 296).

      The Catholic Church teaches that the Universe did have a beginning and was created out of nothing by God. The Catholic Church does not refute the theory of the 'Big Bang' (which was first proposed by a Belgian priest Fr. Georges Lemaître) but infallibly teaches that God was the cause and creator of the Universe.

      Teacher Formation Video

      Description: This short video is a good example of the complementariness of science and religion. It explains how the Book of Genesis should be read as outlining theological truth on the origins of the universe and humanity and of God's relationship with humanity. The Book of Genesis should not be mistaken for a modern science textbook.

       

      Classroom Resources

      Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video is made up of time lapse sequence photography taken over a seven day period on El-Teide- Spain's highest mountain


      Classroom Resource Video
      Description: Time-Lapse Photography (Day to Night), was captured from 29th March to 5th May. Located in Latvia, including Valmiera anbd Sigulda.


      Classroom Resource Video

      Description: A year on planet Earth (4 seasons). A cycle of all four seasons on Earth, captured using time lapse photography.


      Classroom Resource Video

      Description: Animation which depicts God's creation of the world (God's got the whole world in his hands)

       

      Classroom activity example: Stage One

      • Students write a water saving plan for home
        (God's presence in the world: Stewardship of the Earth's resources)

       

    • Living World

      Key Area: Theory of Biological Evolution

      Related Outcome: Stage 3 ST3-10LW

      God’s presence in the world (God created an ordered and good world for humanity)


      Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness (CCC 339).

      There is a solidarity among all creatures arising from the fact that all have the same Creator and are all ordered to his glory (CCC 344).

      The Catholic Church does not have an official position on the theory of biological evolution. However, the Church does teach that if various life forms developed over time, this process is not a random act, but God guiding the process in his infinite wisdom. All creation is attributed to God.

      ​Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video explains how God has revealed himself in nature. 

       


      Key Area: Human Life and Theory of Evolution of Humans

      Related Outcomes: Early Stage 1 STe-8NE, Stage 1 ST1-10LW, Stage 2 ST2-10LW

      Positive view of Life (Dignity of the Human Person)


      "God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them" (Gen 1:27, CCC 355).

      Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures (CCC 343).

      Of all the visible creatures only man is "able to know and love his creator". He is "the only creature on earth that God has willed for its own sake," and he alone is called to share, by knowledge and love, in God's own life. It was for this end that he was created, and this is the fundamental reason for his dignity (CCC 356).

      It is the human body precisely because it is animated by a spiritual soul, and it is the whole human person that is intended to become, in the body of Christ, a temple of the Holy Spirit (CCC 364).

      “with regard to the doctrine of evolution, in as far as it inquires into the origin of the human body as coming from pre-existent and living matter - for the Catholic faith obliges us to hold that souls are immediately created by God” (Pope Pius XII, Humani Generis, Encyclical letter concerning some false opinions threatening to undermine the foundations of Catholic doctrine, 1950)

      The Church does have a more definitive teaching concerning human evolution. It does allow for the possibility that the human body could have developed from previous biological forms under the guidance of God, but insists on the special creation of the human soul. In this way, God elevates human beings above all created things, by the special creation of the soul for each human (Catholic Answers, 2004).

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video explains the Catholic Church's stance on the 'Theory of Evolution'
       


       


      Key Area: Human Body and Reproduction

      Related Outcome: Stage 2 ST2-10 LW

      Positive View of Life (Dignity of the Human Person)

      God created man as male and female. He created them for each other and for love. He created them with erotic desires and the ability to experience physical pleasure. God created human beings with bodies to transmit life (YouCat #400).

      Sexuality must not be separated from love. Sexual union is the most beautiful bodily, sensual expression of love. Only committed, enduring love in marriage creates a space for sexuality that is experienced in a human way and brings lasting happiness (YouCat #403).

      The Catholic Church teaches that God's gift of sexual union is one of holiness. God has created human beings with reproductive anatomies and a body, which can be a gift of 'self' to each other in sexual union in marriage and also can be open to the gift of children. Sexual union is not just physical or biological, but it concerns the innermost being of a human person.

      Sexual union is intended to be a recommitment of the pledge between a man and woman giving themselves totally to each other until death. This pledge can only be truthfully fulfilled in marriage.

      ​Teacher Formation Video
      Description: This video focuses on God's plan for sexual union in the context of marriage. Fr Barron describes how sexual union is holy and only makes sense in the context of marital love. Separating sexual union from love, is very demeaning to God's plan.


      Teacher formation Video

      Description: This video explains God's gift of sexual union and it's proper place in marriage.


       

      Classroom activity example: Stage Two

      • Classroom discussion on how living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (God's presence in the world: God created a good and ordered world)
    • Material World

      The Material World strand allows students to study the properties of matter. Advancement in Science allows humans to continually better their understanding of the physical laws of matter, which God has inscribed in creation.


      "God created the world to show forth and communicate his glory" (CCC 319). God in his goodness, has blessed humanity with many natural elements in creation, which can be used, as a basis to make the many natural and processed materials, which are used in everyday life. Jesus' command to "Love one another even as I have loved you" (Jn 13:34) is a calling to share with everyone, especially the needy, the numerous materials, that God has gifted to humanity.

      Classroom activity example: Stage Three

      • Students discuss the benefits of using renewable solid, liquids and gaseous fuels. (God's presence in the world: Stewardship of the Earth's resources)
    • Built Environment

      The Built Environment strand helps students develop their understanding about spaces and places in communities and their uses. Built environments are present throughout society to meet people's different needs. "The human person needs to live in society" (CCC 1879) and therefore charity calls people to care for each other and provide an environment which fosters a spirit of Love for God and neighbour.


      "The goods of creation are destined for the whole human race" (CCC 2402) and therefore human persons must be good stewards of the earth when constructing any built environment.

      Classroom activity example: Stage One

      • Students discuss how the purpose of a Catholic Church influences it's design (God's presence in the world: Catholic Church building uplifts the mind to heaven)

      Website: Virtual tour of Catholic Church

    • Information

      The Information strand allows students to develop their understanding about the design and use of information, for communication purposes. "The human person needs to live in society. Society is not for him an extraneous addition but a requirement of his nature" (CCC 1879) and therefore communication between peoples is essential, for societies to flourish.

      Humans have used the intellect given by God, to develop different information technologies for communication, such as letters, cameras, emails, internet and satellites. In all communications, it is fundamental that appropriate and responsible use of information is adhered to, as all communications have to uphold the dignity of the human person. "Society has a right to information based on truth, freedom, and solidarity" (CCC 2494).

      With the advancement of information technologies, one must acknowledge ownership of all information used. "The seventh commandment forbids unjustly taking or keeping the goods of one's neighbour and wronging him in anyway with respect to his goods" (CCC 2401) and this includes correct citation of information sources.

       

      Classroom activity example: Stage Three

      • Students discuss the safety and privacy issues when using information technology (Positive view of the life: Dignity of the human person)
    • Products

      The Products strand allows students to develop their understanding of products in the physical world and the related materials, systems and resources used to create them.

      God calls everyone to live charitably and share with others. "Goods of production-material or immaterial-such as land, factories, practical or artistic skills, oblige their possessors to employ them in ways that will benefit the greatest number. Those who hold goods for use and consumption should use them with moderation, reserving the better part for guests, for the sick and the poor" (CCC 2405). Products should be designed for the moral good of people and also the call from God to be 'good stewards of the earth' should influence product design.

       

      Classroom activity example: Stage Two

      • Students have to create a poster promoting reuse and recycling of materials (God's presence in the world: Stewardship of the Earth's resources)
  • Cross Curriculum Priorities-Catholic perspective
    • Aboriginal and Torrest Strait Islander Histories and Cultures

      The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have lived on this land, called Australia, for thousands of years. The Catholic Church teaches that all people demand respect because all humans are created in the image and likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-27). All people, no matter what religion, are bonded because they are all from the one human race. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have a very deep respect for the land and this was one very important point that Pope John Paul II raised in his homily to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when he visited Alice Springs in 1986;


      "For thousands of years this culture of yours was free to grow without interference by people from other places. You lived your lives in spiritual closeness to the land, with its animals, birds, fishes, waterholes, rivers, hills and mountains. Through your closeness to the land you touched the sacredness of man’s relationship with God, for the land was the proof of a power in life greater than yourselves. You did not spoil the land, use it up, exhaust it and then walk away from it. You realised that your land was related to the source of life"
      (Address of Pope John Paul II to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Alice Springs, 1986)

      The truth about creation is so important for all of human life that God in his tenderness wanted to reveal to his People everything that is salutary to know on the subject (CCC 287). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people like many other cultures have tried to make meaning of creation and live harmoniously with the environment.

    • Asia and Australia's Engagement with Asia

      The Asian region is very diverse in its environments. God created the world according to his wisdom. Creation is diverse and by God's free will, he wanted to make his creatures share in his being, wisdom and goodness (CCC 295). All human beings are created with 'human reasoning' which allows the order of things by God, to be understood. God has granted free will to everyone which allows the 'good' to be chosen (CCC 1704). Individuals from the community of Asia, have used God's gift of human intellect, for the progression of scientific and technological research and development in many fields.

    • Sustainability

      God’s presence in the world (Principle of Stewardship)


      In the beginning God entrusted the earth and its resources to the common stewardship of mankind to take care of them, master them by labour, and enjoy their fruits. The goods of creation are destined for the whole human race (CCC 2402).

      The dominion granted by the Creator over the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be separated from respect for moral obligations, including those toward generations to come (CCC 2456).

      Science allows through exploration and investigation to better understand natural and made environments, which is part of God's gift of creation. It is important to not only have knowledge and appreciation of the Earth's resources, but to remember the call from God to be good 'stewards' and ensure that all of mankind have access to these valuable resources.

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video focuses on Pope Francis' encyclical 'Laudato Si' and its connection to Australia

       

      Teacher Formation Video/Classroom Resource Video
      Description: This video emphasises humanities obligation to be good stewards of all Earthly resources, as these are a gift from God to humanity.

  • General Capabilities-Catholic perspective
    • Critical and Creative Thinking

      Humans are created in God's image and likeness (Gen 1:26-27). God has gifted humans the ability to attain knowledge and ultimately to serve and love God and to offer all creation back to him (CCC 356, 358). Through the gift of human intellect, all human beings have the ability to be critical and creative in their thinking.

      Science and technology are precious resources when placed at the service of humans. Science and technology are ordered to humans, from whom they take their origin and development (CCC 2293). All humans have to be critical thinkers to ensure that humanity's use of science and technology always upholds moral law (CCC 2294).

    • Ethical Understanding

      Moral Decision Making
      Human acts can be morally evaluated as good or bad. A good human act must satisfy three conditions.

      1. The Act itself (CCC 1755)
      A bad act can never be morally good, no matter how good the intention is. Some acts are wrong no matter what, such as murder, stealing, lying and cheating.

      2. The Person’s intention (CCC 1752, 1753)
      The intention for the act is important. A good act, can be considered bad, if the intention is not good.

      3. The Circumstances (CCC 1754)
      The circumstances, which includes the consequences of the act, can make an act better or worse. However, the circumstances cannot change an act from good to bad or bad to good. 

      Teacher formation Video/Classroom resource video
      Description: This video explains the Catholic Church's teaching on the morality of human acts

       

      God has given humans the moral law. Humans have the ability through reason to understand and discern. The moral law is for the good of human beings and its origins come from God (CCC 1950-1951). With the advancement of science and technology in today's world, there are many ethical considerations that must be made. It is crucial to look for guidance to the Catholic Church, as God's truth is preserved through the gift of infallibility given to the Magisterium (teaching office) of the Catholic Church. In all scientific work (such as biotechnology, environmental science, human reproduction), there must be unconditional respect for the moral law (CCC 2294).

    • Information and Communication Technology Capability

      Information and communication technology (ICT) is a very valuable tool for students to engage with in the area of science and technology. ICT offers many benefits and Pope Benedict XVI reiterates this important point in his message for the 43rd World Communication day.


      "These technologies are truly a gift to humanity and we must endeavour to ensure that the benefits they offer are put at the service of all human individuals and communities, especially those who are most disadvantaged and vulnerable"
      (Message of Pope Benedict XVI for the 43rd World Communication day, "New Technologies, New Relationships", 2009)

      Pope Benedict also makes the point in his message for the 43rd World Communication day, that the dignity of the human person has to be upheld in all endeavours.

      ICT has a very important role to play in the area of science and technology and it is crucial that all work in this field is ordered towards 'human beings' (CCC 2293).

    • Intercultural Understanding

      All humans form a unity with each other, as they originate from the one God (CCC 360). All people are created unique, which makes cultures very diverse.

      Pope Benedict XVI in his address at the meeting with the World of Culture in 2010, stresses the importance and beauty of valuing the cultures around the world. He states;

      “Given the reality of cultural diversity, people need not only to accept the existence of the culture of others, but also to aspire to be enriched by it and to offer to it whatever they possess that is good, true and beautiful”
      (Pope Benedict XVI Address at the Meeting with the World of Culture, Bélem, Lisbon, 12 May 2010)

      Many cultures around the world have made great contributions in the field of science and technology and it is worthy to appreciate their work in this area, which uses God's gift of human intellect.

    • Literacy

      Literacy is a very important skill, as communication and comprehension is essential for humans, to function successfully in society. Pope Paul VI emphasises the importance of literacy, in his encyclical letter on the development of peoples "Populorum Progressio", stating;

      "literacy is the first and most basic tool for personal enrichment and social integration; and it is society's most valuable tool for furthering development and economic progress."
      (Pope Paul VI, Populorum Progressio, Encyclical Letter on the Development of Peoples, 1967).

      The language of science and technology is very technical, so it is crucial for people to be literate in the language of science and technology, so that people can communicate effectively in this field and the advancement of science and technology can occur, which ultimately should be ordered to the benefit of communities of people.

    • Numeracy

      Numeracy is the ability to apply mathematics in the world. Since Science and technology has many quantitative aspects to it, being numerate is of great importance in this field.

      Pope Benedict XVI points out that there is a very strong ordered relationship between mathematics, nature and technology. He writes in his address to young people of the diocese of Rome in 2006; 

      "that nature is truly structured in a mathematical way, and that our mathematics, invented by our human mind, is truly the instrument for working with nature, to put it at our service, to use it through technology"
      (Benedict XVI, Address to young people of the Diocese of Rome, 6 April 2006).
    • Personal and Social Capability

      God has inscribed on every human heart, a law which can be discovered, deep within one's conscience and this law must be obeyed by every person. (CCC 1776). In all interactions and choices made, God calls everyone to do good and avoid evil. God has gifted to everyone, free will, and people have a choice how to use the scientific and technological knowledge they have acquired, to meet their own needs and societal needs. God does call everyone to follow the voice of their conscience but the education of one's conscience is fundamental (CCC 1783). Scripture is essential in the formation of one's conscience as are the gifts of the Holy Spirit and the guidance of Catholic Church teachings (CCC 1785). All of humanity are called to God and the call of love of neighbour is inseparable from love for God (CCC 1878). All interactions with people, have to be grounded in 'love of neighbour' which would foster positive relationships and benefit society.

  • Other Areas-Catholic perspective
    • Civics and Citizenship

      All human persons need to live in society as this is a requirement, inherent in the nature of human beings. Through dialogue, interactions and service of others, humans develop their potential (CCC 1879). God has gifted talents to each person and each person should contribute to society, as they owe loyalty to the community they are part of and respect those in authority who are in charge of the common good (CCC 1880).

      Australian citizens should have an understanding of the how Australian society operates. Each country around the world, has varying approaches to the application of science and technology and it is important for each Australian citizen to understand the local approach to this important field.

    • Difference and Diversity

      God has made each person unique and the differences and diversity of peoples have to be respected.

      All humans are equal in God's sight insofar as all have the same Creator, all were made in the same image of God with a rational soul, and all have the same Redeemer. Every person possesses the same dignity and are entitled to the same human rights. Hence every kind of social, racist, sexist, cultural, or religious discrimination against a person is unacceptable (YouCat #330).

      In the fields of science and technology, like many other fields, a diversity of people often work together and mutual respect and 'love of neighbour' is essential for positive relationships to occur. In all human actions, the human dignity of persons must be respected and the moral law must be upheld.

    • Work and Enterprise

      Humans are created in the image of God and are called to prolong the work of creation by subduing the earth and hence work is a duty not an option (CCC 2427). Work does honour the gifts and talents freely given by God and also does allow for providing financially for each family as well as serving the human community (CCC 2427, 2428).

      In the fields of science and technology, there are many work related skills and safe practices which have to be learnt and used. Authority and rules are important in society, so that moral order can be kept.

      ​Teacher Formation Video
      Description: This video focuses on the dignity of work. Pope Francis emphasises the importance of creating opportunities for people to work and always put the dignity of human persons before economic value.

Science and Technology K-6

  • This page is to help teachers incorporate Catholic Values into Science and Technology. This page is NOT a programming tool for Science and Technology, but a resource to help teachers in their thinking, to implement Catholic values into the teaching of Science and Technology.

    Learn more about the core Catholic Values

    Faith and Reason

    "Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth; and God has placed in the human heart a desire to know the truth—in a word, to know himself—so that, by knowing and loving God, men and women may also come to the fullness of truth about themselves"
    John Paul II (Fides Et Ratio, Encyclical Letter on the Relationship Between Faith and Reason, 1998)

     

    Science and Religion are not enemies. They compliment each other, as they both search for truth. Science and Religion ask different questions appropriate to each field, but together strive towards truth and ultimately to God, who is the source of all truth.

    Teacher Formation Video
    Description: This video focuses on the complementarity of faith and science, which both point to an infinite God.

    Ways of coming to know of God's existence

    The person who seeks God discovers certain ways of coming to know him. These ways are not scientific proofs but 'converging and convincing' arguments for the existence of God, using human reason (CCC 31).
    Creation points to God in two ways:
    1. The physical world:The world's order and beauty, can point to God, as the origin and the end of the universe (CCC 32) 
    2. The human person: Signs of the spiritual soul- It is only the human person who is open to truth and beauty, has freedom and the voice of conscience, sense of moral goodness and longing for the infinite and happiness (CCC 33).

    The Catholic Church teaches, that through faith, people can know for certain the truths which are in grasp of human reason as well as truths which are beyond human reason, because God has revealed these truths in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition (CCC 38, 97).

    Teacher Formation Video
    Description: This video explains how by human reason, creation can point to God

    Teacher Formation Video
    Description: This video explains how one's faith and human reason can lead them to God, in the world
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Talk with Teaching Educator (Evangelisation and Religious Education) Daryl Castellino today to learn more about how Catholic Values can be integrated across the curriculum on 0407 406 668 or by using the email form below.

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Contact

  • Talk with Teaching Educator (Evangelisation and Religious Education) Daryl Castellino today to learn more about how Catholic Values can be integrated across the curriculum on 0407 406 668 or by using the email form below.

  •  Send us an email
 
   
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